The mvc convention is to put controllers in the controllers folder that visual studio created when the project was set up. If i want to return a view then ive to use apicontroller or the ordinary controller. The controller in mvc architecture handles any incoming url request. Difference between web api controller and mvc controller. Difference between controller and apicontroller in asp. Net mvc 6 these options still exist but theyre combined into a single codebase. After adding the controller you will see the code as in the following snapshot. You can keep this web api controller anywhere in the application. Beginners often find it confusing to decide when to go for an mvc controller driven approach and when to go for a web api. I am using the default mvc 4 api controller scaffolding, with the empty methods.
The controller receives input and initiates a response by making calls on model objects. Net web application and enter the name as in the following. Net framework 4 introduced an asynchronous programming concept referred to as a task and asp. One can also expose the functionality as a web api. They work similarly in web api, but controllers in web api derive from the apicontroller class instead of controller class. This is the class that your controllers should extend. Dont create a web api controller by deriving from the controller class. As someone else commented i dont like contactcontroller and contactscontroller where the only difference is mvc is singular noun controller and web api is plural noun controller. Net mvc controllers and web api controllers hosted within the same asp. Creating a new web api controller class is as simple as using the add controller recipe in asp. Springs annotationbased mvc framework simplifies the process of creating restful web services. This section describes features that have been introduced in the asp.
To create a controller you must have the mvc application so at first well create the mvc application and then controller. I got some new exciting features after updating to mvc4, web api is one of those exciting features. Im aware that the wcf web api is now integrated with. The lack of unified controllers compared to what asp. Net mvc 4 components for visual studio require powershell 2. Net routing, web api, rest, odata and the entity framework. Mvc namespace same like that web api resides in system. Net mvc 4 web api with code first migrations hands on. Now you can serve a view or a json response to a client from the same api controller. Difference between apicontroller and controller in asp. Net core and visual studio for windows for a newer version of this tutorial. What is difference between web api controller and mvc controller this question is asked in interview.
Net mvc controller as api binaryintellect knowledge. Controller class contains public methods called action methods. Multi controllers in spring mvc example multiaction. Net mvc, then you are already familiar with controllers. Controller is a class, derived from the base class system.
Using regular controller i could do it by returning fileresult. Oct 18, 2019 create web api using vscode in spring boot. Apicontroller action only return data that is serialized and sent to the client. Net mvc 4 and choosing the empty api controller tempate. Net web api controller can be created either in the normal asp. Net mvc allows you to expose functionality through action methods. In this video you will learn how to work with multi controllers in spring mvc application. Apicontroller and mvc controller in the same project the. Web api controller is a class which can be created under the controllers folder or any other folder under your projects root folder. Lets take a look at a simple example of controller by creating a new asp. How do you post to a web api controller from an mvc controller.
Recently i worked on a project that was written in asp. Net mvc 4 provides a modelviewcontroller mvc framework for developing web applications using visual studio 2010 sp1 or visual web developer 2010 sp1. The key difference between a traditional spring mvc controller and. Controller derives from controllerbase and adds support for views, so its for handling web pages, not web api requests. Net mvc framework couples the models, views, and controllers using. They work similarly in web api, but controllers in web api derive from the apicontroller class instead of. Web api route can be used in different types of clients like iots.
So, in this article i am going to discuss the same with an example. Net mvc 4 and the web api guide books acm digital library. Feb 23, 20 difference between controller and apicontroller in asp. Controller and its action method handles incoming browser requests, retrieves necessary model data and returns appropriate responses. Net web api using mvc, entity framework and jquery for retrieve data part 3 reuse the model classes of entity data model. Nor will you find any help on the razor view engine, html helpers, or model. Controller route api controller public class myapi20controller. Follow along as we touch on important features needed to get a project up and running in two hours. Hopefully microsoft will merge the 2 development approaches in future versions. Creating webapplication api using vscodeservices and. Visual studio 2012 visual studio 2010 service pack 1 avec asp. Mvc controller with readwrite action and views, using entity framework. Web api controllers are similar to mvc controllers, but inherit the apicontroller class instead of the controller class. It might be redundant but thats how it is at the moment.
Net mvc4 is web api controller, which is very useful to pass and revive data from client to server and vice versa, lets see some of the difference between controller and api controller. Net mvc project template, such the inclusion of bootstrap and the ability to have mvc, webforms and web api in the same project, which i think is not such a big deal. Understand controller scaffolding templates in asp. The framework encourages you to maintain a clear separation of concerns views for ui, controllers for handling user input, and models for domain logic. Open the visual studio and click on file new project menu option. Net mvc project by following below steps right click the controllers folder and select add controller in the above dialog box, select web api 2 controller with actions, using entity framework. Net mvc is a discontinued web application framework developed by microsoft, which. Net web api controller method that allows downloading a file, it is considered a good practice to set a contentdisposition header to guide a browser of a name of a file being downloaded. If you find the post has answered your issue, then please mark post as answered.
You can see the difference just by looking at the types, mvc controller and apicontroller. Apr 23, 2018 web api concepts in different fields and its implementation using asp. The tech stack itself was split between web api and mvc itself, in separate projects with different code bases. Web api 5 things you should know, wherein i discussed the main differences between an asp. Net mvc 4 installe visual web developer 2010 service pack 1 avec asp. Mvc, web api and the entity framework is a very complete set of tools built by microsoft to allow you to quickly create multitiered modern web applications. Net mvc 4 is a framework for developing highly testable. Or, you could just create one via add item which has a new web api controller class as an option. Nov 23, 2018 rightclick on the controller folder and add a new web api controller with the name cardetailscontroller and in the template select api controller with an empty read write action. Apr 30, 2015 we released visual studio 2015 rc which included asp.
In case if we select mvc controller with readwrite action and views, using entity framework template it will generate all crud operations create,edit,details, delete, list automatically by using model class and data context class which we provide and it also generates views for all action methods. Net web api using mvc and entity framework part 2 asp. What youll learn how to design a rest api understanding mvc and web api controller. Net mvc, razor and web api under an open source license apache license. I got some new exciting features after updating to mvc4, web api is one. First lets create a controller class and derive from controller.
Net mvc 4 is a framework for developing highly testable and maintainable web applications that follow the modelview controller mvc pattern. Api, becuase creating folders in the vs project creates namespace speration. Jun 16, 2017 in this video you will learn how to work with multi controllers in spring mvc application. The controller name can be the same in controller and the sub folder controller. Net core has the best of both mvc and web api worlds from asp.
Duplicate code should be nominal, as you couldshould move it to repository, model, or other shared classes. Were not interested in the details of the controller action in this post. Net core has builtin support for mvc building web apis. Lets create a new controller to expose the data as an api call for my podcast episodes. What is difference between web api controller and mvc controller. Here are five main considerations that can be helpful while taking a decision. Net mvc 5 and web api 2 bring a host of new features, including attribute routing, authentication filters, and much more. From any controller, you can return a view or object and mvc will take care of serializing it for you. Mvc and would produce one type of controller, specifically for the standard asp.
Some readers asked how exactly one can use an mvc controller as an api. Net mvc 4 provides a modelview controller mvc framework for developing web applications using visual studio 2010 sp1 or visual web developer 2010 sp1. Net mvc project templates that you get in visual studio 20. Asp net mvc 5 and web api is a fiveday instructorled course is a deep dive into mvc and covers not only models, views and controllers, but also covers asp. The name of a controller class must end with controller and it must be derived. In this scenario, were calling a simple web api controller action. Web api controller connects with sql server by entity framework.1570 1458 420 495 1047 497 1164 1334 1250 1583 933 643 3 1520 948 1360 836 1215 1101 1025 1227 1176 732 1043 571 1332 498 338 788 1475 1595 352 14 230 690 1437 673 494 533 1348 209 100 59